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What Changes in the Skin as we grow older ?

Skin is the largest organ of the body. Just like any other body part, the skin is maintained by a complex equilibrium of destruction of the old skin cells and replacement with the newer ones.
This equilibrium gets disturbed over time due to the external and internal factors like smoking, sun exposure, diet, pollution exposure, etc.
As a result the older skin cells keep accumulating and are not replaced regularly.
This leads to loss of elasticity, development of open pores, wrinkles and sagging skin. Also the superficial layers of the skin start looking dull dehydrated, lustreless and patchy.


Wrinkles are of two types: Dynamic & Static
Dynamic Wrinkles form on the skin due to contraction of muscle fibres below the skin. Repeated use of certain muscles will lead to formation of deeper lines around the area of use. For example:
Someone who smiles a lot gets lines around the eyes( CROWS FEET)
Someone who frowns a lot gets wrinkles between the two eyebrows (FROWN LINES)


Static wrinkles develop on the skin because the underlying support structures of the skin like the bone, muscles and fat undergo thinning changes which allows the overlying skin to sag downwards because of gravity.
Eg: nasolabial fold (fold around the nose and mouth)
Marionette Lines ( folds around the corners of the lips)

Aging Skin is not able to repair the everyday damages it is being exposed to everyday.

What is the right age to start anti aging skin care?

Aging Skin is not able to repair the everyday damages it is being exposed to everyday and hence shows up the cumulative effect of the damage after some time. Since Aging is a fact of life and is a process that starts right the day we are born we need to understand that SKINCARE should start on the day we are born in the form of suitable body oils, bodywashes, moisturisers, etc.

As we grow older we need to understand the needs of the skin and change according to the requirements. Aging changes begin to show up anywhere around 25-27 yrs of life and hence a good (skin repair) night cream should definitely be added to your skin routine. Progressing to your 30's, 40's and 50's skin care will need to have a more holistic approach like Proper home care, regular Skin nourishing Facials and Anti Aging Treatments as and when required.


Treatments Available for Signs of Skin Aging :
Botox Hyaluronic (HA) Fillers
Thread Lift


RF Skin Tightening PRP - Vampire Face lift


What is Pigmentation ?

Pigmentation refers to coloring of the skin. Pigmentation disorders in the skin cause changes to the color of the skin. These pigmentation disorders can range from the mild freckles to the dreaded Melasma which till date has all the Expert Dermatologists across the globe struggling to find a permanent solution for.

What causes Pigmentation ?

Pigmentation problems on the skin appear because of various factors that can affect the MELANIN production in the skin resulting in dark spots, patches and an uneven patchy skin complexion on one extreme and white patches on the other. Factors that can increase melanin production will give rise to conditions with HYPERPIGMENTATION, while factors that decrease MELANIN from the skin will cause HYPOPIGMENTATION disorders.

Hyper Pigmentation

Factors that cause Dark Skin can be :

1.Increased Sun Exposure.
2. Hormonal changes during pregnancy, while on contraceptive pills.
3. Excess friction on the skin.
4. Inflammation because of any kind of skin issues like pimples, burns, rashes.
5. Allergies to cosmetic products like hair dye.
6. Regular long term use of fairness creams containing strong agents like hydroquinone.

Common Forms of Hyperpigmentation (Dark Skin) problems:
Freckles Sun Tan Patchy Skin
Melasma Acanthosis Nigricans Dye Allergy

How to take care of Pigmented Skin?

Treating Pigmented skin or dark spots and patches on the face first needs a proper clinical assessment to diagnose the cause of the pigment and needs a treatment plan accordingly. Some common skin care tips that can help in keeping dark patches under check are listed below:
  • Use a mild gentle cleanser according to your skin type.
  • Exfoliate your skin once a week using a scrub with soft rounded scrubbing particles.
  • Avoid friction and irritation in all ways.
  • Include foods like berries, walnuts, flax seeds, etc that are rich in Antioxidants regularly.
  • Use a Broad spectrum sunscreen with an spf 30+ on all exposed body parts and repeat after every 3-4 hours even indoors.

How Antioxidants work on the skin?

Treatment options available for pigmented skin